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Key Travel Tips for Exploring Spain: A Comprehensive Spain Travel Guide

I will take you on a journey to Spain, a country celebrated for its profound historical heritage, vibrant cultural mosaics, and breathtaking landscapes. Find the Spain Travel Guide.

From the grandeur of Madrid's palaces to the futuristic architecture in Valencia, each city presents its own charm and a lot of attractions. This detailed piece aims to equip travelers with essential tips, explore major cities with their prime attractions, and provide a carefully planned week-long itinerary to enhance your Spanish escapade.

A tortilla plate from Spain

Key Tips for Spain Travel Guide

Planning Your Visit:

  • Best Time to Travel: The ideal times to visit Spain are during the spring (April to June) and fall (September to October) when the weather is comfortably warm, and the tourist crowds are thinner than in the peak summer months. If you choose to go in summer months, you'll face extreme heat and extreme crowd in this famous destination.

  • Language Tips: While Spanish is the predominant language, English is commonly spoken in tourist areas. However, learning some basic Spanish phrases ("Hola" for hello, "Gracias" for thank you, and "Por favor" for please) can significantly enrich your interactions with locals.

  • Currency: The Euro (€) is the standard currency. While credit and debit cards are widely accepted, carrying cash is recommended for smaller transactions, particularly in remote areas or at local markets.


  • Airports and Entry: Major international gateways include Madrid-Barajas Adolfo Suárez Airport (MAD), Barcelona-El Prat Airport (BCN), and Málaga-Costa del Sol Airport (AGP). These airports offer extensive flight connections and are well-equipped with tourist facilities.

  • Navigating the Cities: Cities like Madrid and Barcelona feature extensive public transit systems, including metros, buses, and trams. For intercity travel, the high-speed AVE trains are efficient, connecting major cities in just a few hours.

  • Car Rentals and Driving: Renting a car provides flexibility for exploring the countryside, such as the regions of Andalusia or the northern coast. Drivers should be at least 21 years old with a valid driver's license.


  • Choosing Your Stay: Central accommodations are preferable for shorter visits to reduce travel time. Options range from luxury hotels and traditional paradores (state-run heritage hotels) to budget hostels and vacation rentals.

  • Advance Bookings: Particularly for popular destinations like Barcelona or Seville during high seasons (summer and local festivals), booking several months in advance is advisable to secure the best rates and availability.

Food and Dining:

  • Local Cuisine: Spain's culinary scene is a delight; regions have their specialties, such as Andalusian tapas, Valencian paella, and Basque pintxos. Do not miss out on trying local wines and the famous Spanish sangria.

  • Eating Out: Meals are typically later than in other European countries, with lunch around 2 PM to 3 PM and dinner from 9 PM onwards. Tapas bars are great for experiencing variety in a casual setting.

  • Please check my Siesta Culture chapter in this piece.

Cultural Etiquette:

  • Social Customs: Personal interactions are warm and friendly. It’s common to greet with a handshake in formal settings or kisses on both cheeks (left first) among friends.

  • Tipping: Tipping is appreciated but not mandatory. For good service, a tip of 5-10% in restaurants and rounding up to the nearest euro in taxis are customary practices.

Understanding Siesta Culture in Spain:

The siesta is one of Spain’s most famous cultural practices, known worldwide for shaping the Spanish way of life. Traditionally, the siesta was a time for people to rest after the midday meal, escape the midday heat, and prepare for the evening activities. This practice is particularly prominent in the hotter southern regions of Spain.

People having siesta break in Spain

What is a Siesta?

"Siesta" refers to a short nap taken early in the afternoon, often after the midday meal. This custom has its roots in agricultural practices where workers would take a break to restore energy and avoid the hottest part of the day.

Typical Hours of Siesta

The siesta typically takes place from around 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM. During this time, you can expect the following changes in public and business operations:

  • Shops and Businesses: Many small businesses, shops, and local grocery stores close during these hours, especially in smaller towns and cities less frequented by tourists. However, in major cities and tourist areas, most larger stores, malls, and department stores remain open throughout the day without closing for siesta.

  • Restaurants and Bars: Most restaurants close after the lunch rush and reopen for dinner around 8:00 PM or later. It's common for lunch to be served from 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM and dinner from 9:00 PM onwards, reflecting the late dining culture in Spain.

  • Public Services and Offices: Government offices and other public services generally close during siesta and reopen later in the afternoon. This can also include banks, administrative offices, and sometimes even public transport ticket offices.

  • Tourist Attractions: Major tourist attractions typically remain open throughout the day, but it’s always best to check their operating hours if you plan to visit during the early afternoon.

A person having siesta break in spain

Impact of Siesta on Daily Life

The siesta has a significant impact on daily life and scheduling in Spain:

  • Work Hours: Traditional Spanish work hours are split into two, with a long break in the middle of the day for lunch and possibly a siesta, followed by a later finishing time at night.

  • Social and Dining Times: Social life starts late, with dinners rarely starting before 9:00 PM and social gatherings and outings going on well into the early morning.

  • Less Rush, More Leisure: The pace of life during the early afternoon slows down considerably; it’s a time for relaxation and spending time with family.

Adapting to Siesta as a Tourist

If you're visiting Spain, here's how you can adapt to the siesta culture:

  • Plan Major Activities for the Morning or Late Afternoon: Schedule any shopping, banking, or business-related activities for the morning or after 5:00 PM.

  • Enjoy Leisurely Lunches: Embrace the Spanish way of life by enjoying a leisurely lunch or a long café stop during the siesta hours.

  • Respect the Rhythm: Understand that the quieter siesta hours are a part of the local culture and rhythm, offering a break from the hustle and bustle of the morning and preparing for the lively evening ahead.

Exploring Spain's Major Cities and Attractions:


The capital city of Spain, Madrid, is the heart of Spanish culture, politics, and society, and offers a historical significance, vibrant nightlife, and artistic heritage.

  • The Prado Museum: A landmark of world art history, The Prado Museum houses an extensive array of European art. Featuring works from renowned artists such as Velázquez's "Las Meninas" and Goya's "The Third of May 1808," the museum offers a comprehensive look at the rich tapestry of European art history from the 12th to the early 20th century.

  • Royal Palace of Madrid: The official residence of the Spanish royal family, this majestic palace is used for state ceremonies and is open to the public for most of the year. It features 3,418 rooms, lavishly decorated with art and frescoes from notable artists like Caravaggio and Velázquez. The palace is also famous for its beautifully maintained Armory and Royal Pharmacy, showcasing historical weaponry and medicinal remedies used by the royalty.

  • Retiro Park: Originally created as a retreat for the Royal Family, this expansive park is one of Madrid's largest and most beautiful. Highlights within the park include the Monument to Alfonso XII, the Crystal Palace, and the Rose Garden. The park also hosts temporary art exhibitions and cultural events, making it a dynamic place to visit year-round.

  • Gran Vía: Known as the "Spanish Broadway," Gran Vía is one of the main shopping and entertainment districts in Madrid. Lined with theaters, shops, and historical buildings, it's a hub of day-to-day activity and a great place to experience Madrid's lively urban atmosphere.

  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum: Completing the main trio of art museums along Madrid's Paseo del Arte, this museum houses over 1,600 paintings including works from English, Dutch, and German artists, making it an essential visit for art lovers.

Madrid landmark and touristic attraction point


Barcelona, the cosmopolitan capital of Spain's Catalonia region, is known for its art and architecture. The fantastical Sagrada Família and other modernist landmarks designed by Antoni Gaudí dot the city.

  • Sagrada Familia: Perhaps Antoni Gaudí's most ambitious project, this basilica has been under construction since 1882 and combines Gothic and Art Nouveau forms. The intricate facades and the vast, columned interior are filled with religious symbolism and lush details.

  • Park Güell: Overlooking the city from Carmel Hill, this public park is a testament to Gaudí's unique architectural and landscape style. It features surreal structures, colorful tile mosaics, and offers one of the best views of the city below.

  • Barceloneta Beach: Located in the traditional fishing district, this is one of Barcelona’s oldest and best-loved beaches. Known for its sandy beach and the promenade lined with restaurants and bars, it is a lively place to enjoy the Mediterranean sunshine.

  • Las Ramblas: A street in central Barcelona, famous for its bustling energy and vibrant atmosphere. It stretches for 1.2 kilometers connecting Plaça de Catalunya with the Christopher Columbus Monument at Port Vell.

  • Gothic Quarter: This area features a labyrinth of narrow streets and historic buildings dating back to Roman times. The Barcelona Cathedral and several medieval landmarks are located here, making it a rich historical site.

Barcelona view from sky and Sagra de Familla


Seville is the capital of southern Spain’s Andalusia region, famous for flamenco dancing and major landmarks such as the Alcázar Castle complex, built during the Moorish Almohad dynasty.

  • Seville Cathedral and La Giralda: Built on the site of a former mosque, the cathedral is among the largest of all medieval and Gothic cathedrals, in terms of both area and volume. The Giralda is its bell tower, originally a minaret, which provides spectacular views of the city.

  • Real Alcázar: A royal palace originally developed by Moorish Muslim kings, it is renowned for its stunning blend of architectural styles, from Islamic art to Gothic to Renaissance. Lush gardens and intricate pebble patios make it a picturesque site that was also featured in the TV series "Game of Thrones."

  • Plaza de España: A landmark square in Seville, it was built for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 and is a marvel of Spanish Renaissance Revival architecture. Featured in films such as "Lawrence of Arabia" and "Star Wars," it includes bridges representing the four ancient kingdoms of Spain.

Seville landmark and touristic attraction point


Valencia, the capital of the Old Kingdom of Valencia, is known for its City of Arts and Sciences, a futuristic complex of museums, cinemas, theaters, and more.

  • City of Arts and Sciences: Designed by Santiago Calatrava, this is a modern architectural complex that is an icon of the city. It includes several buildings such as the Hemisfèric (IMAX cinema and digital projections), the Umbracle (a landscaped vantage point and car park), the Príncipe Felipe Science Museum (an innovative center of interactive science), and the Oceanogràfic (the largest aquarium in Europe with over 500 marine species).

  • Valencia Cathedral: This cathedral holds a chalice that has been defended as the true Holy Grail. It predominantly features Gothic architecture but also contains Romanesque, Renaissance art, Baroque, and Neoclassical elements, reflecting the city's rich cultural history.

  • Bioparc Valencia: A 10-hectare zoo park that offers a new generation zoo concept based on bio-immersion. It is an innovative, educational, and sustainable project that transports visitors to authentic African environments.

Valencia landmark and touristic attraction point


Granada is located at the base of the Sierra Nevada mountains of southern Spain and is known for grand examples of medieval architecture dating to the Moorish occupation, especially the Alhambra.

  • Alhambra: This world-renowned palace and fortress complex is the most renowned building of the Andalusian Islamic historical legacy. With its breathtaking architectural beauty, vibrant garden courtyards, and panoramic views, the Alhambra is a must-visit for any traveler to Spain.

  • Generalife Gardens: Located adjacent to the Alhambra, these gardens are part of the palace complex and were used by Muslim royalty as a place of rest. They consist of a series of large gardens, where every corner holds a novelty of architecture and nature combined in artistic harmony.

  • Albaicín: Also known as the Albayzín, this is a district of Granada known for its narrow winding streets of Medieval Moorish past. It was declared a World Heritage site in 1984, the same year as the Alhambra.

Granada landmark and touristic attraction point

Sample of One-Week Itinerary for a Visitor to Spain:

Day 1: Arrival in Madrid

  • Morning: Arrive at Madrid-Barajas Airport, transfer to your hotel and check-in.

  • Afternoon: Begin your exploration with a visit to the Prado Museum to admire classic works of art.

  • Evening: Enjoy a stroll down Gran Vía, Madrid’s bustling shopping and cultural street, followed by a welcome dinner featuring local tapas.

Day 2: Madrid - Continued

  • Morning: Visit the Royal Palace and explore its opulent halls and chambers.

  • Afternoon: Relax in the Retiro Park and later visit the nearby Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.

  • Evening: Experience a traditional Flamenco performance at one of Madrid's esteemed tablaos.

Day 3: Barcelona

  • Morning: Fly to Barcelona, check-in at your accommodation.

  • Afternoon: Head to Sagrada Familia to marvel at Gaudí’s iconic creation.

  • Evening: Walk along Las Ramblas and explore the vibrant stalls and street performers; dine in the Gothic Quarter.

Day 4: Barcelona - Exploration Day

  • Morning: Visit the Picasso Museum to discover Picasso's deep links with Barcelona.

  • Afternoon: Spend some relaxing time at Barceloneta Beach or continue exploring other Gaudí works like Casa Batlló.

  • Evening: Sample diverse cuisines in the eclectic bars and restaurants of El Raval.

Day 5: Sevilla

  • Morning: Take a high-speed train to Seville, settle into your hotel.

  • Afternoon: Explore the majestic Seville Cathedral and climb up La Giralda.

  • Evening: Have dinner around the picturesque Plaza de España, enjoy the illuminated Spanish pavilions.

Day 6: Granada

  • Morning: Journey to Granada and check into your hotel.

  • Afternoon: Tour the Alhambra Palace, a pinnacle of Moorish art and architecture, and the adjacent Generalife Gardens.

  • Evening: Stroll through the Albaicín quarter and dine at a traditional Andalusian restaurant.

Day 7: Return to Madrid

  • Morning: Travel back to Madrid.

  • Afternoon: Last-minute shopping at El Rastro, Madrid’s famous flea market, or visit any sites missed during the initial days.

  • Evening: Depart from Madrid-Barajas Airport.

By integrating these experiences into your travel itinerary, you will witness the beauty and diversity of Spain and also partake in traditions that span centuries.

Whether you are gazing at the intricate Islamic art in the Alhambra, watching a fiery Flamenco performance in Seville, or exploring the modernist landmarks by Gaudí in Barcelona, Spain offers a blend of the old and the new that is as rich as it is captivating.

So pack your bags, bring your enthusiasm for life, and prepare for an unforgettable adventure across the Iberian Peninsula. Spain awaits not just to show you its many landmarks, but to offer you a place at its table and a moment in its heart.

Buen viaje—have a good trip!

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